Alcol e bodybuilding

A cura di Antonio Rubbino

Conclusioni

Son quasi certo che adesso fioccheranno molti rifiuti ai prossimi inviti a qualche sana serata di svago. Eliminare l'alcol, nella mia personale opinione, è quasi del tutto impossibile in questi tempi; l'euforia, la disinibizione, sono effetti che pochi non gradiscono e che pochissimi si negano.
Una o due bevutine a settimana non rovineranno di certo i vostri progressi, ne allontaneranno i vostri traguardi; la regola principe è "limitazione" cari compagni di bevuta. Cheers!!

 

Credits

 

Proprietà di Antonio Rubbino e dell'e-commerce webnutrition.it

 

Bibliografia

 

http://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/par7.htm;

 

Prentice AM. Alcohol and obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1995 Nov;19 Suppl 5:S44-50

Shelmet JJ, Reichard GA, Skutches CL, Hoeldtke RD, Owen OE, Boden G. Ethanol causes acute inhibition of carbohydrate, fat, and protein oxidation and insulin resistance. J Clin Invest 1988 Apr;81(4):1137-45

Carpenter TM. The metabolism of alcohol: A review. Quart j Stud alcohol 1940 1:201-226

Pirola RC, Lieber CS. Hypothesis: energy wastage in alcoholism and drug abuse: possible role of hepatic microsomal enzymes.Am J Clin Nutr 1976 Jan;29(1):90-3

Jones AW, Jonsson KA. Food-induced lowering of blood-ethanol profiles and increased rate of elimination immediately after a meal. J Forensic Sci 1994 Jul;39(4):1084-93

Hernandez-Munoz R, Caballeria J, Baraona E, Uppal R, Greenstein R, Lieber CS. Human gastric alcohol dehydrogenase: its inhibition by H2-receptor antagonists, and its effect o­n the bioavailability of ethanol. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1990 Dec;14(6):946-50

Gentry RT. Effect of food o­n the pharmacokinetics of alcohol absorption. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2000 Apr;24(4):403-4

Roine R. Interaction of prandial state and beverage concentration o­n alcohol absorption. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2000 Apr;24(4):411-2

Kalant H. Effects of food and body composition o­n blood alcohol curves. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2000 Apr;24(4):413-4

Thomasson H. Alcohol elimination: faster in women? Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2000 Apr;24(4):419-20

Lundquist F, Wolthers H. The kinetics of alcohol elimination in man. Acta Pharmacol Toxicol 1958; 14:265-289

Vaubourdolle M, Guechot J, Chazouilleres O, Poupon RE, Giboudeau J. Effect of dihydrotestosterone o­n the rate of ethanol elimination in healthy men. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1991 Mar;15(2):238-40

Johnsen J, Stowell A, Morland J. Clinical responses in relation to blood acetaldehyde levels. Pharmacol Toxicol 1992 Jan;70(1):41-5

Alcohol-histamine interactions. Zimatkin SM, Anichtchik OV. Alcohol Alcohol 1999 Mar-Apr;34(2):141-7

Takayama S, Uyeno ET. Intravenous self-administration of ethanol and acetaldehyde by rats.Yakubutsu Seishin Kodo 1985 Dec;5(4):329-34

Lieber CS. Hepatic, metabolic and toxic effects of ethanol: 1991 update. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1991 Aug;15(4):573-92

Alcohol Alcohol 2001 Jan-Feb;36(1):39-43 Taurine modulates catalase, aldehyde dehydrogenase, and ethanol elimination rates in rat brain. Ward RJ, Kest W, Bruyeer P, Lallemand F, De Witte P.

Little HJ. The contribution of electrophysiology to knowledge of the acute and chronic effects of ethanol. Pharmacol Ther 1999 Dec;84(3):333-53

Goldstein DB. The effects of drugs o­n membrane fluidity.Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol 1984;24:43-64

Seeman P.Pharmacol Rev The membrane actions of anesthetics and tranquilizers. 1972 Dec;24(4):583-655

Peoples RW, Li C, Weight FF. Lipid vs protein theories of alcohol action in the nervous system. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol 1996;36:185-201

Harris RA. Ethanol actions o­n multiple ion channels: which are important? Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1999 Oct;23(10):1563-70

Little HJ. Mechanisms that may underlie the behavioural effects of ethanol. Prog Neurobiol 1991;36(3):171-94

Samson HH, Tolliver GA, Haraguchi M, Hodge CW. Alcohol self-administration: role of mesolimbic dopamine. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1992 Jun 28;654:242-53

Manley LD, Kuczenski R, Segal DS, Young SJ, Groves PM. Effects of frequency and pattern of medial forebrain bundle stimulation o­n caudate dialysate dopamine and serotonin. J Neurochem 1992 Apr;58(4):1491-8

Erickson CK. Review of neurotransmitters and their role in alcoholism treatment.Alcohol Alcohol Suppl 1996 Mar;1:5-11

McBride WJ, Murphy JM, Ikemoto S. Localization of brain reinforcement mechanisms: intracranial self-administration and intracranial place-conditioning studies. Behav Brain Res 1999 Jun;101(2):129-52

McBride WJ, Li TK. Animal models of alcoholism: neurobiology of high alcohol-drinking behavior in rodents. Crit Rev Neurobiol 1998;12(4):339-69

Zhou FC, Pu CF, Murphy J, Lumeng L, Li TK. Serotonergic neurons in the alcohol preferring rats. Alcohol 1994 Sep-Oct;11(5):397-403

Li TK. Pharmacogenetics of responses to alcohol and genes that influence alcohol drinking. J Stud Alcohol 2000 Jan;61(1):5-12

de Waele JP, Kiianmaa K, Gianoulakis C. Spontaneous and ethanol-stimulated in vitro release of beta-endorphin by the hypothalamus of AA and ANA rats. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1994 Dec;18(6):1468-73

Gianoulakis C. Implications of endogenous opioids and dopamine in alcoholism: human and basic science studies. Alcohol Alcohol Suppl 1996 Mar;1:33-42

Johnson SW, North RA. Opioids excite dopamine neurons by hyperpolarization of local interneurons. J Neurosci 1992 Feb;12(2):483-8

Altshuler HL, Phillips PE, Feinhandler DA. Alteration of ethanol self-administration by naltrexone. Life Sci 1980 Mar 3;26(9):679-88

Woodward JJ. Ethanol and NMDA receptor signaling. Crit Rev Neurobiol 2000;14(1):69-89

Dildy JE, Leslie SW. Ethanol inhibits NMDA-induced increases in free intracellular Ca2+ in dissociated brain cells. Brain Res 1989 Oct 16;499(2):383-7

Collingridge GL, Bliss TV. Memories of NMDA receptors and LTP.Trends Neurosci 1995 Feb;18(2):54-6

Gulya K, Grant KA, Valverius P, Hoffman PL, Tabakoff B. Brain regional specificity and time-course of changes in the NMDA receptor-ionophore complex during ethanol withdrawal. Brain Res 1991 Apr 26;547(1):129-34

Iorio KR, Tabakoff B, Hoffman PL. Glutamate-induced neurotoxicity is increased in cerebellar granule cells exposed chronically to ethanol. Eur J Pharmacol 1993 Aug 2;248(2):209-12

Nutt D. Alcohol and the brain. Pharmacological insights for psychiatrists. Br J Psychiatry 1999 Aug;175:114-9

Chandler LJ, Guzman NJ, Sumners C, Crews FT. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1994 Oct;271(1):67-75 Magnesium and zinc potentiate ethanol inhibition of N-methyl-D-aspartate-stimulated nitric oxide synthase in cortical neurons.

Westbrook GL, Mayer ML. Micromolar concentrations of Zn2+ antagonize NMDA and GABA responses of hippocampal neurons. Nature 1987 Aug 13-19;328(6131):640-3

Kurachi M, Yoshihara K, Aihara H. Effect of taurine o­n depolarizations induced by L-glutamate and other excitatory amino acids in the isolated spinal cord of the frog. Jpn J Pharmacol 1983 Dec;33(6):1247-54

Prospero-Garcia O, Criado JR, Henriksen SJ. Pharmacology of ethanol and glutamate antagonists o­n rodent sleep: a comparative study.Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1994 Oct;49(2):413-6

Meldrum B. Pharmacology of GABA. Clin Neuropharmacol 1982;5(3):293-316

Suzdak PD, Schwartz RD, Skolnick P, Paul SM. Ethanol stimulates gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor-mediated chloride transport in rat brain synaptoneurosomes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1986 Jun;83(11):4071-5

Kalivas PW, Duffy P, Eberhardt H. Modulation of A10 dopamine neurons by gamma-aminobutyric acid agonists. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1990 May;253(2):858-66

Grobin AC, Matthews DB, Devaud LL, Morrow AL. The role of GABA(A) receptors in the acute and chronic effects of ethanol. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 1998 Sep;139(1-2):2-19

LeMarquand D, Pihl RO, Benkelfat C. Serotonin and alcohol intake, abuse, and dependence: clinical evidence. Biol Psychiatry 1994 Sep 1;36(5):326-37

Maurel S, Schreiber R, De Vry J. Substitution of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors fluoxetine and paroxetine for the discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol in rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 1997 Apr;130(4):404-6

Signs SA, Schechter MD. The role of dopamine and serotonin receptors in the mediation of the ethanol interoceptive cue. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1988 May;30(1):55-64

Wilde MI, Markham A. o­ndansetron. A review of its pharmacology and preliminary clinical findings in novel applications. Drugs 1996 Nov;52(5):773-94

Carboni E, Acquas E, Frau R, Di Chiara G. Differential inhibitory effects of a 5-HT3 antagonist o­n drug-induced stimulation of dopamine release. Eur J Pharmacol 1989 May 30;164(3):515-9

Badawy AA, Morgan CJ, Lovett JW, Bradley DM, Thomas R. Decrease in circulating tryptophan availability to the brain after acute ethanol consumption by normal volunteers: implications for alcohol-induced aggressive behaviour and depression. Pharmacopsychiatry 1995 Oct;28 Suppl 2:93-7

Narahashi T, Aistrup GL, Marszalec W, Nagata K. Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors: a new target site of ethanol. Neurochem Int 1999 Aug;35(2):131-41

Soderpalm B, Ericson M, Olausson P, Blomqvist O, Engel JA. Nicotinic mechanisms involved in the dopamine activating and reinforcing properties of ethanol. Behav Brain Res 2000 Aug;113(1-2):85-96

Batel P, Pessione F, Maitre C, Rueff B. Addiction 1995 Jul;90(7):977-80 Relationship between alcohol and tobacco dependencies among alcoholics who smoke.

Hollister LE, Gillespie HK. Mood and mental function alterations. Marihuana, ethanol, and dextroamphetamine. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1970 Sep;23(3):199-203

Newman LM, Lutz MP, Gould MH, Domino EF. 9 -Tetrahydrocannabinol and ethyl alcohol: evidence for cross-tolerance in the rat. Science 1972 Mar 3;175(25):1022-3

Basavarajappa BS, Cooper TB, Hungund BL. Chronic ethanol administration down-regulates cannabinoid receptors in mouse brain synaptic plasma membrane. Brain Res 1998 May 18;793(1-2):212-8

Devane WA, Hanus L, Breuer A, Pertwee RG, Stevenson LA, Griffin G, Gibson D, Mandelbaum A, Etinger A, Mechoulam R. Isolation and structure of a brain constituent that binds to the cannabinoid receptor. Science 1992 Dec 18;258(5090):1946-9

Basavarajappa BS, Hungund BL. Chronic ethanol increases the cannabinoid receptor agonist anandamide and its precursor N-arachidonoylphosphatidylethanolamine in SK-N-SH cells. J Neurochem 1999 Feb;72(2):522-8

Arnone M, Maruani J, Chaperon F, Thiebot MH, Poncelet M, Soubrie P, Le Fur G. Selective inhibition of sucrose and ethanol intake by SR 141716, an antagonist of central cannabinoid (CB1) receptors. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 1997 Jul;132(1):104-6

Pohorecky LA. Influence of alcohol o­n peripheral neurotransmitter function. Fed Proc 1982 Jun;41(8):2452-5

Wang YL, Wei JW, Sun AY. Effects of ethanol o­n brain monoamine content of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Neurochem Res 1993 Dec;18(12):1293-7

Howes LG, MacGilchrist A, Hawksby C, Sumner D, Reid JL. Plasma [3H]-noradrenaline kinetics and blood pressure following regular, moderate ethanol consumption. Br J Clin Pharmacol 1986 Nov;22(5):521-6

Adams MA, Hirst M. Adrenal and urinary catecholamines during and after severe ethanol intoxication in rats: a profile of changes. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1984 Jul;21(1):125-31

Bushman BJ, Cooper HM. Effects of alcohol o­n human aggression: an integrative research review. Psychol Bull 1990 May;107(3):341-54

68. Hoaken PN, Giancola PR, Pihl RO. Executive cognitive functions as mediators of alcohol-related aggression. Alcohol Alcohol 1998 Jan-Feb;33(1):47-54

Stuss DT, Benson DF. Neuropsychological studies of the frontal lobes. Psychol Bull 1984 Jan;95(1):3-28

Peterson JB, Rothfleisch J, Zelazo PD, Pihl RO. Acute alcohol intoxication and cognitive functioning. J Stud Alcohol 1990 Mar;51(2):114-22

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1995 Feb;19(1):130-4 Related Articles, Books, LinkOut Alcohol-related aggression in males and females: effects of blood alcohol concentration, subjective intoxication, personality, and provocation. Giancola PR, Zeichner A.

Heinrichs RW. Frontal cerebral lesions and violent incidents in chronic neuropsychiatric patients. Biol Psychiatry 1989 Jan 15;25(2):174-8

Hoaken PN, Assaad JM, Pihl RO. Cognitive functioning and the inhibition of alcohol-induced aggression. J Stud Alcohol 1998 Sep;59(5):599-607

Saghir M, Werner J, Laposata M. Rapid in vivo hydrolysis of fatty acid ethyl esters, toxic nonoxidative ethanol metabolites. Am J Physiol 1997 Jul;273(1 Pt 1):G184-90

Calabrese V, Scapagnini G, Catalano C, Dinotta F, Bates TE, Calvani M, Stella AM. Effects of acetyl-L-carnitine o­n the formation of fatty acid ethyl esters in brain and peripheral organs after short-term ethanol administration in rat. Neurochem Res 2001 Feb;26(2):167-74

Mantle D, Preedy VR. Free radicals as mediators of alcohol toxicity. Adverse Drug React Toxicol Rev 1999 Nov;18(4):235-52

J Nutr 1973 Apr;103(4):536-42 Related Articles, Books Nutritional interrelationships among vitamin E, selenium, antioxidants and ethyl alcohol in the rat. Levander OA, Morris VC, Higgs DJ, Varma RN.

Sun AY, Sun GY. Ethanol and oxidative mechanisms in the brain. J Biomed Sci 2001 Jan-Feb;8(1):37-43

Lieber CS. ALCOHOL: its metabolism and interaction with nutrients. Annu Rev Nutr 2000;20:395-430

Cha YS, Sachan DS. Acetylcarnitine-mediated inhibition of ethanol oxidation in hepatocytes. Alcohol 1995 May-Jun;12(3):289-94

Prescott LF. Paracetamol, alcohol and the liver. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2000 Apr;49(4):291-301

Givens B, McMahon K. Ethanol suppresses the induction of long-term potentiation in vivo Brain Res 1995 Aug 7;688(1-2):27-33

Woodward JJ. Ethanol and NMDA receptor signaling. Crit Rev Neurobiol 2000;14(1):69-89

Blitzer RD, Gil O, Landau EM. Long-term potentiation in rat hippocampus is inhibited by low concentrations of ethanol. Brain Res 1990 Dec 24;537(1-2):203-8

Melia KR, Ryabinin AE, Corodimas KP, Wilson MC, Ledoux JE. Hippocampal-dependent learning and experience-dependent activation of the hippocampus are preferentially disrupted by ethanol. Neuroscience 1996 Sep;74(2):313-22

Melchior CL, Ritzmann RF. Neurosteroids block the memory-impairing effects of ethanol in mice. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1996 Jan;53(1):51-6

Goodwin DW, Hill SY Short-term memory and the alcoholic blackout.Ann N Y Acad Sci 1973 Apr 30;215:195-9

Goodwin DW. Alcoholic blackout and state-dependent learning. Fed Proc 1974 Jul;33(7):1833-5

White AM, Matthews DB, Best PJ. Ethanol, memory, and hippocampal function: a review of recent findings. Hippocampus 2000;10(1):88-93

Lau AH, Frye GD. Acute and chronic actions of ethanol o­n CA1 hippocampal responses to serotonin. Brain Res 1996 Aug 26;731(1-2):12-20

Del Punta K, Charreau EH, Pignataro OP. Nitric oxide inhibits Leydig cell steroidogenesis. Endocrinology 1996 Dec;137(12):5337-43

Shi Q, Emanuele NV, Emanuele MA. Effect of nitric oxide synthase inhibitors o­n preventing ethanol-induced suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in the male rat. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1998 Nov;22(8):1763-70

Adams ML, Forman JB, Kalicki JM, Meyer ER, Sewing B, Cicero TJ. Antagonism of alcohol-induced suppression of rat testosterone secretion by an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1993 Jun;17(3):660-4

Ogilvie K, Rivier C. The intracerebroventricular injection of interleukin-1beta blunts the testosterone response to human chorionic gonadotropin: role of prostaglandin- and adrenergic-dependent pathways. Endocrinology 1998 Jul;139(7):3088-95

Rivier C. Alcohol rapidly lowers plasma testosterone levels in the rat: evidence that a neural brain-gonadal pathway may be important for decreased testicular responsiveness to gonadotropin. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1999 Jan;23(1):38-45

Steiner JC, Holloran MM, Jabamoni K, Emanuele NV, Emanuele MA. Sustained effects of a single injection of ethanol o­n the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in the male rat. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1996 Nov;20(8):1368-74

Mello NK, Mendelson JH, Bree MP, Ellingboe J, Skupny AS. Alcohol effects o­n luteinizing hormone and testosterone in male macaque monkeys. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1985 Jun;233(3):588-96

Ferris CF, Shtiegman K, King JA. Voluntary ethanol consumption in male adolescent hamsters increases testosterone and aggression.Physiol Behav 1998 Mar;63(5):739-44

Phipps WR, Lukas SE, Mendelson JH, Ellingboe J, Palmieri SL, Schiff I. Acute ethanol administration enhances plasma testosterone levels following gonadotropin stimulation in men. Psychoneuroendocrinology 1987;12(6):459-65

Ruusa J, Bergman B. Sex hormones and alcohol withdrawal: does a good supply of testosterone prevent serious symptoms during detoxification? Alcohol 1996 Mar-Apr;13(2):139-45

Gavaler JS, Rosenblum ER, Deal SR, Bowie BT. The phytoestrogen congeners of alcoholic beverages: current status. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 1995 Jan;208(1):98-102

Couwenbergs CJ. Acute effects of drinking beer or wine o­n the steroid hormones of healthy men. J Steroid Biochem 1988 Oct;31(4A):467-73

Purohit V. Can alcohol promote aromatization of androgens to estrogens? A review. Alcohol 2000 Nov;22(3):123-7

Chung KW. Effects of chronic ethanol intake o­n aromatization of androgens and concentration of estrogen and androgen receptors in rat liver. Toxicology 1990 Jun;62(3):285-95

Babichev VN, Peryshkova TA, Aivazashvili NI, Shishkina IV. Effect of alcohol o­n the content of sex steroid receptors in the hypothalamus and hypophysis of male rats. Biull Eksp Biol Med 1989 Feb;107(2):204-7

Eagon PK, Porter LE, Gavaler JS, Egler KM, Van Thiel DH. Effect of ethanol feeding upon levels of a male-specific hepatic estrogen-binding protein: a possible mechanism for feminization. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1981 Spring;5(2):183-7

Eagon PK, Zdunek JR, van Thiel DH, Singletary BK, Egler KM, Gavaler JS, Porter LE. Alcohol-induced changes in hepatic estrogen-binding proteins: a mechanism explaining feminization in alcoholics. Arch Biochem Biophys 1981 Oct 1;211(1):48-54

Milligan SR, Kalita JC, Heyerick A, Rong H, De Cooman L, De Keukeleire D. Identification of a potent phytoestrogen in hops (Humulus lupulus L.) and beer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1999 Jun;84(6):2249-52

Rosenblum ER, Stauber RE, Van Thiel DH, Campbell IM, Gavaler JS. Assessment of the estrogenic activity of phytoestrogens isolated from bourbon and beer. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1993 Dec;17(6):1207-9

Gagliardi C. Current Obsteric and Gynecologic Diagnosis and treatment, Appleton and Lange, East nordwalk, 1991, p.1046.

Cobb CF, Van Thiel DH, Ennis MF, Gavaler JS, Lester R. Is acetaldehyde an adrenal stimulant?Curr Surg 1979 Nov-Dec;36(6):431-4

Sarkola T, Adlercreutz H, Heinonen S, von Der Pahlen B, Eriksson CJ. The role of the liver in the acute effect of alcohol o­n androgens in women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001 May;86(5):1981-5

Karila T, Kosunen V, Leinonen A, Tahtela R, Seppala T. High doses of alcohol increase urinary testosterone-to-epitestosterone ratio in females. J Chromatogr B Biomed Appl 1996 Dec 6;687(1):109-16

Preedy VR, Keating JW, Peters TJ. The acute effects of ethanol and acetaldehyde o­n rates of protein synthesis in type I and type II fibre-rich skeletal muscles of the rat. Alcohol Alcohol 1992 May;27(3):241-51

Reilly ME, Mantle D, Richardson PJ, Salisbury J, Jones J, Peters TJ, Preedy VR. Studies o­n the time-course of ethanol's acute effects o­n skeletal muscle protein synthesis: comparison with acute changes in proteolytic activity. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1997 Aug;21(5):792-8

Reilly ME, McKoy G, Mantle D, Peters TJ, Goldspink G, Preedy VR. Protein and mRNA levels of the myosin heavy chain isoforms Ibeta, IIa, IIx and IIb in type I and type II fibre-predominant rat skeletal muscles in response to chronic alcohol feeding. J Muscle Res Cell Motil 2000;21(8):763-73

Preedy VR, Peters TJ. Acute effects of ethanol o­n protein synthesis in different muscles and muscle protein fractions of the rat. Clin Sci (Colch) 1988 May;74(5):461-6

Nordmann R. Oxidative stress from alcohol in the brain. Alcohol Alcohol 1987;Suppl 1:75-82

Mantle D, Preedy VR. Free radicals as mediators of alcohol toxicity. Adverse Drug React Toxicol Rev 1999 Nov;18(4):235-52

Manso CF. Alcohol and free radicals. Various consequences: protein synthesis, endocrine disorders, immunity. Role of stress.Acta Med Port 1997 Nov;10(11):809-17

Preedy VR, Peters TJ. Alcohol and skeletal muscle disease. Alcohol Alcohol 1990;25(2-3):177-87

Koo-Ng R, Falkous G, Reilly M, Peters TJ, Mantle D, Preedy VR. Carbonyl levels in type I and II fiber-rich muscles and their response to chronic ethanol feeding in vivo and hydroxyl and superoxide radicals in vitro. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2000 Dec;24(12):1862-8

Preedy VR, Patel VB, Reilly ME, Richardson PJ, Falkous G, Mantle D. Oxidants, antioxidants and alcohol: implications for skeletal and cardiac muscle. Front Biosci 1999 Aug 1;4:e58-66

Nelson S, Bagby GJ, Bainton BG, Summer WR. The effects of acute and chronic alcoholism o­n tumor necrosis factor and the inflammatory response. J Infect Dis 1989 Sep;160(3):422-9

Nair MP, Schwartz SA, Kronfol ZA, Hill EM, Sweet AM, Greden JF. Suppression of tumor necrosis factor production by alcohol in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated culture. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1994 Jun;18(3):602-7

Szabo G, Mandrekar P, Girouard L, Catalano D. Regulation of human monocyte functions by acute ethanol treatment: decreased tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 beta and elevated interleukin-10, and transforming growth factor-beta production. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1996 Aug;20(5):900-7

Nacy CA, Meierovics AI, Belosevic M, Green SJ. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha: central regulatory cytokine in the induction of macrophage antimicrobial activities. Pathobiology 1991;59(3):182-4

de Waal Malefyt R, Yssel H, de Vries JE. Direct effects of IL-10 o­n subsets of human CD4+ T cell clones and resting T cells. Specific inhibition of IL-2 production and proliferation. J Immunol 1993 Jun 1;150(11):4754-65

Zwyghuizen-Doorenbos A, Roehrs T, Timms V, Roth T. Individual differences in the sedating effects of ethanol. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1990 Jun;14(3):400-4

Williams DL, MacLean AW, Cairns J. Dose-response effects of ethanol o­n the sleep of young women. In healthy young women, rapid eye movement sleep decreased, slow-wave sleep increased, sleep-onset latency decreased and late-night disturbance of sleep increased with increasing doses of alcohol. J Stud Alcohol 1983 May;44(3):515-23

Kobayashi T, Misaki K, Nakagawa H, Okuda K, Ota T, Kanda I, Isaki K, Kosino Y, Fukuda H. Alcohol effect o­n sleep electroencephalography by fast Fourier transformation. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 1998 Apr;52(2):154-5

Mendelson WB, Hill SY. Effects of the acute administration of ethanol o­n the sleep of the rat: a dose-response study. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1978 Jun;8(6):723-6

Stone BM. Sleep and low doses of alcohol. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1980 Jun;48(6):706-9

Manku MS, Oka M, Horrobin DF. Differential regulation of the formation of prostaglandins and related substances from arachidonic acid and from dihomogammalinolenic acid. I. Effects of ethanol. Prostaglandins Med 1979 Aug;3(2):119-28

Kaivola S, Parantainen J, Osterman T, Timonen H. Hangover headache and prostaglandins: prophylactic treatment with tolfenamic acid. Cephalalgia 1983 Mar;3(1):31-6

Lieb J. Prostaglandin E1 in affective disorders and alcoholism.Br Med J 1980 Aug 9;281(6237):453

Wiese JG, Shlipak MG, Browner WS. The alcohol hangover. Ann Intern Med 2000 Jun 6;132(11):897-902

Chapman LF. Experimental induction of hangover. Q J Stud Alcohol 1970 May;5:Suppl 5:67-86

Linkola J, Ylikahri R, Fyhquist F, Wallenius M. Plasma vasopressin in ethanol intoxication and hangover. Acta Physiol Scand 1978 Oct;104(2):180-7

Chauhan BL, Kulkarni RD. Alcohol hangover and Liv.52. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1991;40(2):187-8

Khan MA, Jensen K, Krogh HJ. Alcohol-induced hangover. A double-blind comparison of pyritinol and placebo in preventing hangover symptoms. Q J Stud Alcohol 1973 Dec;34(4):1195-201

Schutz Y. Role of substrate utilization and thermogenesis o­n body-weight control with particular reference to alcohol. Proc Nutr Soc 2000 Nov;59(4):511-7

Westerterp-Plantenga MS, Verwegen CR. The appetizing effect of an aperitif in overweight and normal-weight humans. Am J Clin Nutr 1999 Feb;69(2):205-12

Lieber CS. Perspectives: do alcohol calories count? Am J Clin Nutr 1991 Dec;54(6):976-82

Westerterp KR. Alcohol calories do not count the same as other calories. Int J Obes 1995 v19 Suppl. 2:14-15

Colditz GA, Giovannucci E, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ, Rosner B, Speizer FE, Gordis E, Willett WC. Alcohol intake in relation to diet and obesity in women and men. Am J Clin Nutr 1991 Jul;54(1):49-55

Suter PM, Hasler E, Vetter W. Effects of alcohol o­n energy metabolism and body weight regulation: is alcohol a risk factor for obesity?Nutr Rev 1997 May;55(5):157-71

Prentice AM, Sonko BJ, Goldberg GR, Murgatroyd PR. The case of the missing calories revisited.Am J Clin Nutr 1992 Feb;55(2):478-80

Addolorato G, Capristo E, Marini M, Santini P, Scognamiglio U, Attilia ML, Messineo D, Sasso GF, Gasbarrini G, Ceccanti M. Body composition changes induced by chronic ethanol abuse: evaluation by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Am J Gastroenterol 2000 Sep;95(9):2323-7

McCullough AJ, Mullen KD, Kalhan SC. Measurements of total body and extracellular water in cirrhotic patients with and without ascites. Hepatology 1991 Dec;14(6):1102-11

Addolorato G, Capristo E, Caputo F, Greco AV, Ceccanti M, Stefanini GF, Gasbarrini G. Nutritional status and body fluid distribution in chronic alcoholics compared with controls. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1999 Jul;23(7):1232-7

Pirola RC, Lieber CS. The energy cost of the metabolism of drugs, including ethanol. Pharmacology 1972;7(3):185-96

Atwater WO, Benedict FG. An experimental inquiry regarding the nutritive value of alcohol. Mem Nat Acad Sci 1902; 8: 235-295

Prentice AM. Alcohol and obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1995 Nov;19 Suppl 5:S44-50

Suter PM, Schutz Y, Jequier E. The effect of ethanol o­n fat storage in healthy subjects. N Engl J Med 1992 Apr 9;326(15):983-7

Suter PM, Jequier E, Schutz Y. Effect of ethanol o­n energy expenditure. Am J Physiol 1994 Apr;266(4 Pt 2):R1204-12

Contaldo F, D'Arrigo E, Carandente V, Cortese C, Coltorti A, Mancini M, Taskinen MR, Nikkila EA. Short-term effects of moderate alcohol consumption o­n lipid metabolism and energy balance in normal men. Metabolism 1989 Feb;38(2):166-71

Reinus JF, Heymsfield SB, Wiskind R, Casper K, Galambos JT. Ethanol: relative fuel value and metabolic effects in vivo. Metabolism 1989 Feb;38(2):125-35

Lieber CS. Herman Award Lecture, 1993: a personal perspective o­n alcohol, nutrition, and the liver. Am J Clin Nutr 1993 Sep;58(3):430-42

Lands WE, Zakhari S. The case of the missing calories. Am J Clin Nutr 1991 Jul;54(1):47-8


« 1 2 3 4 5 6 7


ARTICOLI CORRELATI

Ultima modifica dell'articolo: 23/01/2016

APPROFONDIMENTI E CURIOSITÀ

Dermatite polimorfa solare: che cos’è?Bambini: precauzioni al soleLentiggini ed efelidi: quali differenze?Lampade abbronzanti e tumori cutaneiMelanoma NON cutaneoOrticaria solare: che cos’è?Scottature solari: qualche consiglioOrticaria acuta: cosa fare quando si manifestaOrticaria: perché si chiama così?Orticaria: può essere provocata dall’attività fisica?Orticaria da freddo: caratteristicheOrticaria acquagenica: che cos’è?Tomografia a coerenza ottica“Voglie” in gravidanza: quali sono le cause?Quali sono le zone più dolorose da tatuare?Rimozione di un tatuaggio: fattori da considerareTatuaggi: come si rimuovono?Brachiterapia: domande frequentiStoria della brachiterapiaCorpi estranei nell’occhio: cosa fareTatuaggi all’henné e reazione allergicaLe curiose origini dell’iridologiaIridologia: che cos’è?Il caldo fa diventare aggressivi?Tatuaggi e salute della pelleQuando nasce l’usanza dei tatuaggi?La storia dello shampooCapelli fragili: qualche consiglioCosa indebolisce i capelli?Mal di testa e rapporti sessualiDiario del mal di testa: come va compilatoCefalea a grappolo: le persone più colpiteMal di testa e digiunoMal di testa e consumo di alcoliciMallo di Noce e InchiostroNoci: Altri UsiNoci: Produzione e StoccaggioTipi di NoceCelebrità con il morbo di ParkinsonDemenza a corpi di Lewy: alcune notizie storicheDemenza frontotemporale: alcune notizie storicheParkinson e atrofia multi sistemica: come distinguerli?Sinucleinopatie: che cosa sono?Atrofia multi sistemica: classificazione